Carmen Poulin, PhD Associate Dean for the Faculty of Arts; Professor of Psychology and Gender & Women Studies at University of New Brunswick, Fredericton

carmen@unb.ca

In a global sense, my research interests focus on the lived reality of women and marginalised groups. This sounds very broad, but it is accurate. I’m interested in the ways in which women and marginalised men – specific groups of women and specific groups of men – manage their lives psychologically and behaviourally in response to the demands of specific social contexts that affect them. Previously, I was interested in the correspondence between psychological and physiological responses that are specific to women. For example, I studied the effect of the menstrual cycle on performance and mood. I also carried out research on the relationship between physiological and psychological sexual arousal. More recently, I have been interested in social organisations and their effects on women and marginalised men’s daily experiences. As my interests have become more focussed on the structural aspects that influence experiences, I have adapted my methodological approach to better suit my research needs.

The methodological approaches that I used in my earlier research were fundamentally reductionist. I tried to circumvent psychological biases (e.g., demand characteristics) that could influence research findings. With time, however, I became increasingly interested in the psychological experiences of women, and felt that I should not be trying to circumvent psychological biases, but rather, examine them in more detail. In collaboration with Dr. Lynne Gouliquer, a sociologist, I developed a new methodological approach to look at the dynamics between the social context and the psychological experience. This methodological approach is known as the Psycho-social Ethnography of the Commonplace (P-SEC), as described on this website. P-SEC has permitted us to ask very different questions, which in turn, helps us to understand the psychology of women and marginalised men in much different ways.

Currently, most of my research is on the social organisation of the everyday life of women in particular institutions, and the cognitive schemata women use to make sense of their reality. The epistemological assumptions influencing how I develop ideas for research inquiries centrally situates the experience of marginalised groups. My research is based on a feminist understanding of the social world. My most recent work includes research on Female Firefighters, and 90+ citizens living independently. 

Publications & Presentations

Selected Publications:

Gouliquer, L., Poulin, C., & Lesmana, M. (2015). Mobility Boundaries Between Home, Community and Beyond: Experiences of the Exceptionally Old Living in a Canadian Province. Qualitative Sociology Review, XI (3), 124 – 150.

R Chomiak, D., & Poulin, C. (2012). Minding spaces, monitoring places: An examination of patriarchal influences on women’s experiences in public domains. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 53(2a), 26.

R MacArthur, H., & Poulin, C. (2012). Provoking a “Storm:” Gender Schema Theory and the Public’s Reaction to a Genderless Child. Journal ofPsychological Inquiry, 17 (2), 41-44.

Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2012). Clandestine existences and secret research: Eliminating official discrimination in the Canadian military and going public in academia. Journal of Lesbian Studies,16:1, 54-64

MacArthur, H., & Poulin, C. (2011). Gender representation in a selection of children’s picture books: A skewed ratio of male to female characters? Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences10. http://www.kon.org/urc/v10/macarthur.html.

McCutcheon, J., Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2009). Sports and Soldiering: Examining servicewomen’s experiences with military sports. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 50(2a), 41.

Moore, J. A., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2009). Partners of Canadian lesbian soldiers: Examining the military family social support system. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 50(2a), 99.

Poulin, C., Gouliquer, L., & Moore, J. (2009). Discharged for Homosexuality from the Canadian military: Health Implications for Lesbians. Feminism & Psychology, 19(4) 497-516.

DiTommaso, E., Turbide, J., Poulin, C., & Robinson, B. (2007). L’échelle de solitude sociale et émotionnelle (ÉSSÉ): A french-canadian adaptation of the social and emotional loneliness scale for Adults. Social Behavior and Personality, 35 (3), 339-350.

Burdett, F., & Poulin, C. (2007). Quality of care during childbirth: Does it affect Mothers feelings of self-efficacy? Canadian Psychology / Psychologie Canadienne, 48(2a), 380.

Poulin, C. (2007). It made us think differently: Unger’s ‘Toward a Redefinition of Sex and Gender.’ Feminism & Psychology, 17, 435 – 441.

Bergeron, S., Senn, C., & Poulin, C. (Eds.)(2006). Introduction. Special Canadian Issue of Feminism & Psychology, 16(3), 235-241.

Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2005). For Better and for Worse: Psychological Demands and Structural Impacts of the Military on Gay Servicewomen and their Partners in Long-term Relationships. In D. Pawluch, W. Shaffir & C. Miall (Eds.), Doing ethnography: Studying everyday life. (pp. 323-335). Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press Inc.

Newman. K, Poulin, C., Brazier, B., & Cashmore, A. L. (2005). Media’s Depiction of Emotional Abuse: Reactions and Commentaries amongst Young University Women. In D. Pawluch, W. Shaffir & C. Miall (Eds.),Doing ethnography: Researching everyday life. (pp. 200-211). Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press Inc.

Poulin, C., Gouliquer, L., Brazier, B., Hughes, J. Brazier, B.C.S., Arseneault, R., MacAulay, S., & Lynne Thériault (2004). Keeping it confidential: A struggle for Transition Houses. In M.L. Stirling, C. A. Cameron, N. Nason-Clark, & B. Miedema (Eds). Understanding Abuse: Partnering for Change (85 – 108). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2003). Part-time disabled lesbian passing on roller blades or PMS, Prozac, and essentializing woman’s ailments. Women & Therapy, 26, 95 – 108. (Also published as a chapter of an edited book by Banks, M. E., & Kaschak, E. Women with Visible and Invisible Disabilities: Multiple Intersections, Multiple Issues, Multiple Therapies. Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press).

Burdett, F., & Poulin, C. (2003). New Brunswick Female Correctional Officers’ Experience of Abuse and Violence. Report submitted to the New-Brunswick advisory council on the status of women. (pp. 22).

Poulin, C. (2001). “The military is the wife and I am the mistress” Partners of Gay Service Women. Atlantis, 26(1), 65 – 76. Beauregard, M., Gagné, E., & Poulin., C. (1999). Équipe de rédaction pour la publication: Le corps en tête. Ottawa, Canada: ICREF/CRIAW. (pp.115).

Poulin, C., & Rondeau, G. (1997). Éditorial: Violences Familiales (Vol. Eds.). Criminologie, XXX(2), 3-5.

Poulin, C., & Ross, L.R. (1997). Recherche sur la violence familiale: contribution des différentes épistémologies. Criminologie, XXX(2), 7-25.

Muzychka, M., Poulin, M. B. C., Cottrell, B., Miedema, B., & Roberts, B. (1996). Feminist Research Ethics: A Process (2nd ed.). Ottawa, Ont: Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. (pp. 89).

Poulin, M. B. C., Ross, L., Gouliquer, L., Fox, B., Thériault, L., Arseneault, R., Wuest, J., Merritt-Gray, M., Root, A., Flowers, L.(1995). An evaluation and summary of the accumulated “Monthly Reporting Form”: Usage of New Brunswick transition houses. Report submitted to the Department of Health and Community Services and available to the public. (pp. 38) (also available in French)

Recent Scholarly Presentations:

Chen, C.-F., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2016). Getting Prescriptions in Taiwan Heath Care System: How the duration(length) of Prescription for Chronic Disease Medications Complicates the Lives of Oldest-old 85+. Aging & Society: An Interdisciplinary Conference: Sixth Interdisciplinary Conference. Norrköping, Sweden (5 - 6 October).

Poulin, C., Chen, C.-F., & Gouliquer, L. (2016). Implicit and Explicit Gender Division in Long Term Care: A comparison between Taiwan and Canada. Aging & Society: An Interdisciplinary Conference: Sixth Interdisciplinary Conference. Norrköping, Sweden (5 - 6 October).

Lesmana, M., Poulin, C., Gouliquer, L., Hamilton, H. (2016). Female firefighters in leadership roles: “There’s no line up for the washrooms!” Poster-presentation at the 77th annual convention of the Canadian Psychological Association, Victoria, Canada, June 9 - 11.

Gouliquer, L., Poulin, C., Moore, A., & Pineau, C. (2016) Disrupting Ageist Stereotypes with I-Poem poetics: Turning Old on its Head! The 33rd Annual Qualitative Analysis Conference, St. Catharines, ON, (11 - 13 May).

Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2015). Aging, Women, and Firefighting: Just like oil and water! Aging & Society: An Interdisciplinary Conference: Fifth Interdisciplinary Conference. Washington, DC (5 - 6 November).

Mabey, A., Webb, K., Lesmana, M., Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2015). Women’s Experiences Negotiating the Dual Role of Mother and Student in Canadian Universities. Workshop given at the Section on Women & Psychology Institute; Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) convention, Ottawa, Ontario, 2 June.

Lesmana, M., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L.,  (2015). The experience of female firefighters: Confronting Ageism and Sexism. Poster-presentation at the 76th annual convention of the Canadian Psychological Association, Ottawa, Canada, June 3-6.

Gouliquer, L., Poulin, C., & Lesmana, M. (2014). What Do Pets Have to Do with It? Older Adults, Neoliberalism, and the Replaceable/Disposable Family. Atlantic Centre for Qualitative Research & Analysis: Qualitative Luncheon, St-Thomas University. Fredericton, NB (21 November). 

Lesmana, M., Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2014). Experiences of the exceptionally old living in New Brunswick: Friends, ageism, and health. 6th Annual New Brunswick Health Research Conference. Delta Beausejour Moncton, NB (13 -14 – November).

Gouliquer, L., Poulin, C., & Lesmana, M. (2014). What Do Pets Have to Do with It? Understanding the Ninety-plus Year Olds in the Neoliberal Era. Aging & Society: An Interdisciplinary Conference: Fourth Interdisciplinary Conference. Manchester, UK (7 - 8 November).

Mabey, A., Gouliquer, L., Poulin, C., (2014) Its just a roof over our heads: Housing Issues of Single Mothers on Social Assistance in New Brunswick, The 31st Annual Qualitative Analysis Conference, London, ON, (25-27 June).

Webb, K., Burdett, F., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2014). “Crossing Personal Boundaries: The Experience of Breastfeeding in New Brunswick Hospitals”, 31th Qualitative Analysis Conference – Brescia University, London, ON (25-27 June).

Silva, C.F., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2014). Formal and informal care: What do Brazilian and Canadian elders have to say? 31th Qualitative Analysis Conference – Brescia University, London, ON (25-27 June).

Lesmana, M., Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2014, June).  Physical consequences of being old and their impact on independence and social life. 31th Qualitative Analysis Conference – Brescia University, London, ON (25-27 June).

Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2014). Boundaries of aging: How you feel about it and how I feel about it! 31th Qualitative Analysis Conference – Brescia University, London, ON (25-27 June).

Lesmana, M., Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2014). How does neoliberalism influence the 4th age? Experiences of people aged 90 and over. Poster-presentation at the 75th annual convention of the Canadian Psychological Association, Vancouver, Canada, June 5.

Webb, K., Burdett, F., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2014). “Giving Birth in New Brunswick: How Labour Induction Practices Complicate Women’s Experiences”, 75th Annual Canadian Psychological Association Convention, Vancouver, Canada, June 7. 

Mabey, A., Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2014) ”Poverty without Hope: The Experiences of Single Mothers Living on Social Assistance in New Brunswick, Canada,” The 75th Annual Canadian Psychological Association Convention, Vancouver, Canada, June 5.

Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2013). A Crisis in Health Care: Rhetoric Versus the Lived-Reality of Rural Seniors. Aging & Society: An Interdisciplinary Conference, Chicago, IL, USA (8-9 November).

Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2013). A Feminist Interdisciplinary Methodology: The Psycho-Social Ethnography of the Commonplace (P-SEC). 29th Qualitative Analysis Conference – Ottawa, 23-25 May, 2013.

Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2013). Aging at home in rural New Brunswick: “Essentialising” the role of family networks. 74th Canadian Psychological Association convention, Québec City, Qc (June 13-15).

Webb, K., Burdett, F., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2013). Giving Birth in New Brunswick: How the Medical Institution Shapes the experience of Women. 74th Canadian Psychological Association convention, Québec City, Qc (June 13-15).

Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2012). Vieillir chez soi: La voix des aînés du Nouveau-Brunswick
Aging at home: The voices of rural New Brunswick Seniors. The 4th annual New Brunswick Health Research Conference: The dream of future generations – The challenge of our generation, Nov. 7-8, 2012, Fredericton, NB.

Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2012). A thriving military lesbian community during the witch hunt of the 80s? Shedding light on resilience in the face of marginalisation. Section on Women and Psychology Institute (Canadian Psychological Association), Halifax, NS.

Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2012). The Psycho-social ethnography of the commonplace (P-SEC): A semi-structured qualitative approach to feminist research. 73rd Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) convention, Halifax, NS.

Moore, J. A., Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2010). Health consequences of institutional discrimination: Gay men serving in the pre-1992 Canadian Armed Forces. 71st Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) convention, Winnipeg, MB.

McCutcheon, J., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2010). Both sides of the spectrum: Gay and lesbian soldiers in the Canadian Armed Forces. 71st Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) Convention. Winnipeg, MB.

McCutcheon, J., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2009). Policing masculinity and femininity: Health consequences for gay and lesbian soldiers in the Canadian Armed Forces. Sexual and Gender Diversity vulnerability and Resilience (SVR) Conference, Montreal, QC.

Moore, J. A., Poulin, C., & Gouliquer, L. (2009). Partners of Canadian lesbian soldiers: Examining the military family social support system. 70th Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) convention, Montréal, Qc.

McCutcheon, J., Gouliquer, L., & Poulin, C. (2009). Sports and Soldiering: Examining servicewomen’s experiences with military sports. 70th Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) convention, Montréal, Qc.